Knowing how carpet is made can be very advantageous. Knowing the different materials that make up various carpets also helps you understand and evaluate their performance aspects: why certain carpets are easier to install, why some wear better, longer, and why others are easier to care for and clean. It can also make you a smarter shopper.
There are a few things to remember when considering carpet: thicker is not always better, tight twist in each yarn is better than loose and frayed, firm and dense pile means quality, the more backing seen, the less dense and durable, and high traffic areas need lower profiles to avoid matting and crushing. Carpet is made up of 90% synthetic fiber and the rest is natural fiber, mostly wool. There are up to 3 types of synthetic fibers in carpet: nylon, polypropylene or polyester. These are created by a chemical process from oil and natural gas.